In 2019, if a player's ball at rest anywhere off the putting green is lifted or moved under a Rule that requires the ball to be replaced, the action to be taken is simple. New Rule 14.2c says:
A fundamental principle of golf is to play the ball as it lies. So when a ball at rest is moved it should be returned to and played from its original spot or as close to that original spot as possible.
When a player marks the ball's spot with a ball-marker before lifting the ball, the original spot is known and the ball is replaced on the marked spot.
But when a ball is accidentally moved, the player may not know the exact original spot:
Requiring the player to replace the ball on the estimated spot (including being required to replace the ball on, under or against any fixed or growing things it had been at rest on, under or against) will help make sure the ball is played from as close as possible to its original spot and from the same or almost the same lie.
Replacing the ball on its estimated spot also applies when the player does not know the exact original spot of a ball that was lifted or moved on the putting green, and so the same procedure will apply throughout the course.
This change should also make it easier for players to understand the Rules by eliminating the confusing concept of "replacing" a ball by dropping it rather than by placing it.
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